TODAY IN HISTORY
St. Louis Post Dispatch
Today’s highlight On Sept. 19, 1995, The New York Times and The Washington Post published the manifesto of Unabomber Ted Kaczynski, which proved instrumental in identifying and capturing him. On this date In 1796, President George Washington’s farewell address was published. In it, America’s first chief executive advised, “Observe good faith and justice toward all nations. Cultivate peace and harmony with all.” In 1881, the 20th president of the United States, James A. Garfield, died 2 ½ months after being shot by Charles Guiteau; Chester Alan Arthur became president. In 1955, President Juan Peron of Argentina was ousted after a revolt by the army and navy. In 1957, the United States conducted its first contained underground nuclear test, code-named “Rainier,” in the Nevada desert. In 1985, the Mexico City area was struck by a devastating earthquake that killed at least 9,500 people. In 1986, federal health officials announced that the experimental drug AZT would be made available to thousands of AIDS patients. In 1996, IBM announced it would extend health benefits to the partners of its gay employees. In 2001, the Pentagon ordered dozens of advanced aircraft to the Persian Gulf region as the hour of military retaliation for deadly terrorist attacks on Sept. 11 drew closer. In 2004, Hu Jintao became the undisputed leader of China with the departure of former President Jiang Zemin from his top military post. In 2008, struggling to stave off financial catastrophe, the Bush administration laid out a radical bailout plan calling for a takeover of a half-trillion dollars or more in worthless mortgages and other bad debt held by tottering institutions. Relieved investors sent stocks soaring on Wall Street and around the globe. In 2020, President Donald Trump urged the Republican-run Senate to consider “without delay” his upcoming nomination to fill the Supreme Court vacancy created by the death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg just six weeks before the election. Ten years ago: Members of Congress presented the Congressional Gold Medal to Myanmar democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi in a ceremony in the Capitol Rotunda. The Justice Department’s internal watchdog found fault with the agency’s handling of a gun-trafficking probe in Arizona that resulted in hundreds of weapons turning up at crime scenes in the U.S. and Mexico; the inspector general’s report referred more than a dozen people for possible disciplinary action for their roles in Operation Fast and Furious.